( A ) Mostly found in light to medium yellow green as well as sea green; examples in olive green are rarely found  but do exist  ( see Philadelphia RW bottle.)

 ( B ) Large 1 3/4" w. collar would have graced the top of a 13 7/8" h. chestnut;  the 1 "w, collar would have been used  on about a 7 1/2 "h., chestnut bottle.


a         b





( C)  The yellow geen collar closest to the quarter was found at Wisarberg and is 1/2" w. The blue aqua collar is 7/8"w., and is from the New Bremen Glass Manufactory, Frederick, Maryland. The two examples are unquestionably the smallest lips known for MidAtlantic chestnut bottles. The 1/2" lip is evidence that Wistarberg made little globs, or chestnuts, probably around 3" in hight ; the Amelung collar, 3/4" w., would probably be a small chestnut around 5 1/2"h.?

(D) A unique deep teal (peacock) Wistarberg 1"w., unfinished sloping collar. I found this little treasure in the shed on the Wistar property owned by the Marich family. What else was made in this color down Jersey ?


           c      d


 (E) 1 1/2" w., sloping collar is from Wistarberg, a nice example.

 (F) The 2 1/2" w. collar is the largest of the sloping type. The lip is intact and  belongs to a recently discovered important Wistarberg handled jug; the jug is humongous by jug standards,10"h., and  very heavy.


  e           f


 (G) The same collar as (B) but look close to see how the lip was tooled to shape.

(I &J)    How are they made? All Wistar collars are wraped, or threaded, around the mouth and then reheated and tooled to shape. It is a great illusion, some of the lips are so perfect that they look like they were made in some kind of a mold. In some cases they even appear as if to be folded over from the neck gather. There is no doubt that various liping tools were employed in the finishing of the collars. The question remains concerning the "unfinished sloping collars ?

g           h


i                             j






(L) This collar is very interesting, the mouth is tooled and rounded just like a sizable pocket bottle which is what it could be; its a very exciting discovery!


l         m

(N) The collar on the right is one of my personal favorites, " the no neck", that wide fat short neck is wild!! The neck is 1 1/2"w., and the collar is nearly the same.

(O) Rare color: yellow vaseline, some rare species of Wistar lip, like a crude rounded flattened blob. very cool!

n       o


) Below: A group of  the more straight sided Wistar lips often refered to as "Mushroom" shaped, this style is most synonymous with wistar bottle identification. (q)   Amazing specimen, 1 1/2"w x 1"h.,  thick and heavy, what a bottle that must have been !


P            Q


R         S


T          U



V      W


X       Y










BOTTOM RIGHT: shows a collar upside down which appears to be using two seperate gathers, the neck is opaque blue opal, and the collar is yellow olive. The neck color occurs when some glass gall is left in the pot to cook at  a high temperature. However, if the pot is left unattended with a large quantity of gall remaing, should any gaffer aproach that pot with iron ladel it will cost him his life; it is the job of the skimmer to  remove all  delaterious  scum from the top of the pot . There is a Wistar black glass chestnut bottle in the collection of late James R Doherty which is opaque opal blue with a deep green lip, I will dig for photos and post them.